Friday, June 14, 2024

Becoming an Educator in Nigeria: Step-by-Step Process

Last Updated on July 8, 2023


Becoming an educator in Nigeria is a significant career choice as education is a fundamental pillar of the country’s development. Educators shape the minds of the future workforce, leaders, and innovators that will take Nigeria to the next level.

The step-by-step process to becoming an educator in Nigeria begins with obtaining a Bachelor’s degree in Education or any related field.

Next, individuals must gain certification by completing a one-year postgraduate diploma in education program.

After certification, teacher trainees secure a professional teaching certification from the Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) by passing a qualifying exam.

Additionally, individuals can specialize in different areas by obtaining a master’s degree or Ph.D. in education or related fields.

Beyond the academic qualifications, aspiring educators must also possess qualities such as patience, strong communication skills, and a passion for teaching.

Education plays a crucial role in Nigeria’s development, and becoming an educator is a necessary step in contributing to the growth and progress of the country.

The road to becoming an educator requires dedication, effort, and an unwavering desire to make a difference in the lives of students and the nation at large.

Read: Insights into the Teaching Profession in Nigeria Today

Obtaining a Bachelor’s degree in Education

Becoming an educator in Nigeria requires obtaining a Bachelor’s degree in Education, which is crucial for preparing individuals to teach and impart knowledge to students effectively.

Below are important details on the process of earning a Bachelor’s degree in Education in Nigeria:

Explanation of the importance of a Bachelor’s degree

  1. A Bachelor’s degree in Education is highly essential as it equips individuals with the necessary skills and knowledge required to teach effectively.

  2. It prepares individuals for the teaching profession by teaching them how to develop lesson plans, manage classrooms, and assess student progress.

  3. Furthermore, it also provides individuals with practical experience through teaching practice sessions, which are a critical part of the program.

Overview of the admission requirements

  1. Individuals who wish to pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Education in Nigeria are required to obtain the minimum entry requirements into any Nigerian university, which is a minimum of five credit passes in O’level subjects such as English, Mathematics, and three other relevant subjects in either WAEC, NECO, or NABTEB.

  2. They must also score the minimum cut-off mark in UTME, the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination, which is conducted by the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB).

  3. Upon passing the UTME and meeting the minimum requirements, individuals can proceed to apply for the Bachelor’s degree program in Education at any accredited Nigerian university.

Description of the courses required for the degree

The Bachelor’s degree program in Education is designed to provide individuals with a comprehensive understanding of the teaching profession and prepare them to teach at any level, whether primary, secondary, or tertiary institutions. Below are some of the courses required for the degree:

  1. Introduction to Philosophy of Education

  2. Psychology of Learning and Teaching

  3. Curriculum Development and Instructional Planning

  4. Sociology of Education

  5. Educational Foundations

  6. Measurement and Evaluation in Education

  7. Teaching Practice

In essence, obtaining a Bachelor’s degree in Education is a step-by-step process that requires meeting the minimum entry requirements and successfully completing the courses offered in the program.

Through this degree program, individuals are equipped with the knowledge, skills, and practical experience required to become effective teachers and make a positive impact in the Nigerian educational system.

Read: A Closer Look at Special Education Jobs in Nigeria

Applying for the Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) Certification

Aspiring educators in Nigeria are required to apply for certification from the Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN). Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to go about it:

Overview of the TRCN

The TRCN is a regulatory body in Nigeria that oversees the professional standing and conduct of teachers in the country.

It was established by the TRCN Act No. 31 of 1993 and charged with the responsibility of ensuring that only qualified teachers are allowed to teach in Nigerian schools.

Explanation of the Importance of TRCN Certification

TRCN certification is proof that an individual possesses the necessary skills, knowledge, and competencies to teach in Nigeria.

It is also a requirement for all teachers to be registered with the TRCN before they can practice in the country. Therefore, obtaining a TRCN certification is critical for anyone looking to embark on a career in teaching in Nigeria.

Description of the Application Process and Requirements

The application process for TRCN certification is as follows:

  1. Complete the TRCN application form online or offline.

  2. Attach the following documents to the application form.

  3. Four (4) passport photographs.

  4. Photocopies of academic and professional certificates.

  5. NYSC discharge or exemption certificate.

  6. Birth certificate or affidavit of age declaration.

  7. Evidence of payment of the application fee.

  8. Submit the application form and required documents to the TRCN office in your state of residence.

  9. Wait for the TRCN to process your application and schedule you for an assessment test.

  10. Take and pass the TRCN assessment test.

  11. Receive your TRCN certification and ID card.

Applicants must meet the following requirements to be eligible for TRCN certification:

  1. Hold a Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE), Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.), or Postgraduate Diploma in Education (PGDE) from a recognized institution.

  2. Have completed the mandatory one-year National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) program.

  3. Have a valid teaching license issued by the State Ministry of Education.

  4. Pass the TRCN assessment test.

Additionally, applicants must pay the TRCN application fee, which varies depending on the category of certification being sought. As of 2021, the fees are as follows:

  1. NCE – N5,000.

  2. B.Ed./PGDE – N6,000.

  3. M.Ed./Ph.D. – N10,000.

Summarily, obtaining a TRCN certification is a vital step for anyone looking to become a teacher in Nigeria.

The process is straightforward and requires applicants to meet certain educational and professional criteria, as well as pass an assessment test.

Once certified, educators can then apply for teaching jobs in both public and private schools in the country.

Read: Becoming an Educational Administrator in Nigeria: A Guide

Gaining Teaching Experience

Teaching experience is of utmost importance in Nigeria, especially for prospective educators. Here are various ways to gain teaching experience in Nigeria:

Overview of the Importance of Teaching Experience in Nigeria

  1. Teaching experience is a key requirement for most teaching jobs in Nigeria.

  2. It gives educators practical exposure to classroom management and student-teacher relationship-building skills.

  3. It provides an opportunity for educators to experiment with different teaching styles and techniques.

  4. It improves educators’ teaching abilities, knowledge, and confidence, which helps them secure better employment opportunities.

Description of Various Ways to Gain Teaching Experience in Nigeria

  1. Teaching Practice/Internship: Many tertiary institutions in Nigeria require their students to complete a teaching internship program before graduation. This provides an opportunity for them to gain real-life teaching experience under the guidance of experienced teachers.

  2. Volunteering: Educators can volunteer to teach in schools, colleges, or NGOs for free or for a small stipend. This exposure helps them gather experience while giving back to the community.

  3. Part-Time Teaching: Educators can also work as part-time teachers in schools, coaching centers, tutorial centers, and other learning institutions outside their regular working hours.

  4. Teaching Assistant: Educators can work as teaching assistants or assistants to school administrators to gain experience while learning on the job.

  5. Online Teaching: With the advent of technology and the internet, educators can teach students online through various e-learning platforms to gain experience and earn money simultaneously.

Explanation of the Value of Volunteer Work and Internships for Prospective Educators

  1. Hands-On Learning: Volunteering allows prospective educators to get hands-on learning in teaching, student-teacher relationships, and classroom management.

  2. Networking: Volunteering or taking an internship provides an opportunity for educators to meet and network with experienced teachers and administrators, which can open up more employment opportunities in the future.

  3. Building a Portfolio: Volunteering or internships enable educators to create a portfolio of their work as evidence of their teaching experience, which can give them an edge in a job search.

  4. Personal Development: Volunteering and internships help prospective educators gain experience in a variety of teaching settings and with diverse student populations, improving their problem-solving skills, communication skills, and adaptability.

  5. Giving Back to the Community: Volunteering as an educator offers an opportunity to give back to the community while gaining experience.

Gaining teaching experience is essential for educators to secure better employment opportunities and improve their teaching abilities.

Taking part in internships, volunteering, part-time teaching, teaching assistance, and online teaching are some of the ways to gain experience in Nigeria.

It also provides an opportunity for educators to network, build their portfolio, enhance their personal development, and contribute to society.

Hence, it is recommended for prospective educators to participate in volunteering or take an internship to gain experience and improve their chances of getting a teaching job.

Read: Nigeria’s Academic Landscape: Educator’s Role and Challenges

Applying for a Teaching Position in Nigeria

One of the most important steps to becoming an educator in Nigeria is applying for a teaching position.

This can be a daunting process, especially if you are not familiar with the teacher recruitment process in Nigeria. However, with the right information, you can navigate this process with ease.

Overview of the Teacher Recruitment Process in Nigeria

  1. Teacher recruitment is usually done by local, state or federal government schools, private schools, or international schools in Nigeria.

  2. The recruitment process can vary depending on the type of school and the position being applied for.

  3. Generally, schools will advertise teaching vacancies through their website or local newspapers.

  4. Prospective teachers will then submit their applications and supporting documents.

  5. Shortlisted candidates will be invited for an interview, and successful candidates will be offered the job.

  6. It is worth noting that the competition for teaching positions in Nigeria is high, especially in urban areas.

Explanation of How to Find Job Opportunities

  1. Browsing through job search websites in Nigeria is a great place to start looking for job opportunities. Sites like,, and frequently list teaching vacancies in Nigeria.

  2. Networking can also be a very useful tool. Attend education job fairs, reach out to people in your field, and keep up to date with local and national education news.

  3. Contacting schools directly is a less conventional approach, but it can be an effective way of finding out about teaching positions that have not yet been advertised.

Description of the Application Process and Requirements

  1. Applications for teaching positions in Nigeria usually require a cover letter, CV, and copies of relevant educational certificates.

  2. The cover letter should be brief and explain why you are a good fit for the job.

  3. The CV should outline your education, experience, and any relevant training or courses you have completed.

  4. It is important to note that many schools require applicants to have a teaching qualification, such as a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Education or a teaching certificate before they can apply.

  5. Successful applicants will be invited for an interview, where they will be asked to demonstrate their teaching skills and knowledge.

Essentially, the process of applying for a teaching position in Nigeria can be both challenging and rewarding. With determination and the right training, however, you can embark on a fulfilling career as an educator in Nigeria.

Becoming an Educator in Nigeria: Step-by-Step Process

Challenges and Opportunities for Educators in Nigeria

Overview of the challenges faced by Educators in Nigeria

  1. Low salaries and poor working conditions.

  2. Inadequate funding for schools and resources.

  3. Lack of support from government and communities.

  4. High rates of student dropout and illiteracy.

  5. Cultural attitudes towards education limit its perceived significance.

  6. Educational inequities due to geographic and socioeconomic disparities.

Description of the opportunities and rewards of being an educator in Nigeria

  1. The ability to make a positive impact on students’ lives and futures.

  2. The opportunity to improve the quality of education in Nigeria.

  3. Personal and professional growth in a meaningful career.

  4. The opportunity to create change and make a difference in the country.

  5. The chance to be a leader and role model in the community.

  6. Potential for job security and growth opportunities.

Explanation of how to cope with the challenges

  1. Advocate for increased funding and resources for schools and teachers.

  2. Seek support and mentorship from other educators and professional organizations.

  3. Collaborate with government officials and community leaders to promote education.

  4. Create inclusive and equitable educational environments that foster student success.

  5. Respect and value cultural diversity in the classroom.

  6. Continuously seek personal and professional development opportunities.

Becoming an educator in Nigeria presents both challenges and opportunities. Educators in Nigeria face numerous obstacles, including low salaries, inadequate resources, and cultural attitudes that limit the significance of education.

However, being an educator in Nigeria also offers opportunities to make a positive impact on students’ lives, improve educational quality, and be an agent of change in the country.

Coping with these challenges requires advocacy, collaboration, and a continued commitment to personal and professional growth.

By addressing these challenges and embracing the rewards, educators in Nigeria can help shape the future of education in their country.


Recap of the step-by-step process

Overall, becoming an educator in Nigeria requires dedication and hard work. The following steps can help you achieve your goal:

  1. Get a Bachelor’s Degree in Education or a related field

  2. Complete a mandatory one year of National Youth Service Corps (NYSC)

  3. Take the Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) exam and get certified

  4. Apply for teaching jobs or start your own private tutoring business

Final thoughts on becoming an educator in Nigeria

Becoming an educator in Nigeria can be a challenging but rewarding experience.

It requires passion for teaching and a commitment to lifelong learning.

As an educator, you have the opportunity to make a positive impact on the lives of future generations and contribute to the growth and development of Nigeria.

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